Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon
March 21, 2017 Red Room, FAQ HQ, Rome.
The Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations,Mr. Jose Graziano Da Silva;
Mr. Kamernu Vella, European Union Commissioner for Environment;
Ms. Monique Barbut, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification;
Mr. Abdalah Mokssit, Secretary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change;
Mr. Stéphane Le Foll, French Minister for Agriculture, AgriFood and Forestry;
Ms. Elena Manaenkova, Deputy-Secretary General World Meteorological Organisation;
Ms. Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (who will be joining us later this morning);
Permanent Representatives and Heads of Missions to the Food and Agriculture Organisation;
Ladies and Gentlemen.
Buongiorno, Buenos Dias, Guten Morgen, Good Morning, Sawubona, Molweni, Namaste, Asalaam Alaykum, Ni Hao, and warmest Pacific greetings to you all.
I am honoured to be representing the Government of Fiji, incoming President of the 23rd Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to open this Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon, held here in this historical and beautiful City of Rome, Capital of Italy.
And before I proceed, please allow me to convey Fiji and the Pacific Islands Countries’ congratulations to the members of the European Union for reaching the 60th Anniversary of the founding of the European Economic Community with the Treaty of Rome. I understand that the leaders of the European Union will convene here in Rome over the next few days to commemorate this milestone achievement.
Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, I am delighted to see the number of participants from all across the world and in particular, other Small Island Developing States, at this global soil organic carbon symposium. This reinforces the significant role of soils and soil organic carbon in our collective efforts to address soil conservation, food security, sustainable development and climate change.
We recognise that Climate Change affects us all. As My Government prepares to lead in its role as COP23 President, we therefore act on behalf of all countries to maintain the momentum of the 2015 Paris Agreement.
We are, however, acutely aware of the challenges faced by not only Fijians or Pacific Islanders but by those of other Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) and low-lying countries.
Fiji, like other Small Islands Developing States, is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. A little over a year ago, my country was hit with the most powerful tropical cyclone to make landfall in the southern hemisphere. Today, we are still recovering from the impacts of Tropical Cyclone Winston on our natural resources, and of course, on our soils.
Our soils provide an important range of ecosystem services and functions that are key for life on earth. Indeed, they are essential for supporting food and fibre production, for regulating climate, nutrient cycles, to sequester carbon, filtering and storing water and for maintaining soil biodiversity.
The co-benefits arising from effective and sustainable management of soil resources are key to climate change and food security priorities and, as such, cross-cutting for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Soils are a major carbon reservoir containing more carbon than the atmosphere and terrestrial vegetation combined. Globally, Soil Organic stocks are estimated at an average of 1,417 Petagrams in the first meter of soil and 2,500 Petagrams in the second meter, although their distribution is spatially and temporally variable. Carbon maintenance and sequestration in soils remains essential to enhance climate change resilience by offsetting the amount of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere and thereby increasing ecosystem resilience to extreme climatic events.
Maintaining and increasing soil organic carbon stocks is critical not only to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and remove Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere, but essential to improve soil health and fertility and to increase its water holding capacity.
The negative impact on our environment and life as we know it would be colossal if this carbon is released or emitted to the atmosphere in the form of Carbon Dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
The Paris Agreement, agreed to in December 2015 and which unprecedentedly entered into force last year, has committed all Parties to the goal of keeping temperature rise to well below 2 degrees and striving towards 1.5 degrees. If we fail to maintain our soils as a carbon reservoir, I am afraid that these discussions and negotiations would have been in vain.
This notion is supported by the Sustainable Development Goals and climate change discussions under the Paris agreement and the recent Marrakesh COP, which imply that sustainable soil management should become the worldwide norm to not only use soils optimally, but also to preserve and protect them at all times.
Unlocking the potential to sequester Soil Organic Carbon as a function of local soil and climate conditions and, in order to support food production, store and supply more clean water, maintain biodiversity and increase environmental resilience to a changing climate, a number of things will be required.
First of all, sustainable soil management practices are imperative. This will need to be supported by policies, actions and most importantly, by investment. We will also need to work together as a global community to increase the proportion of finance for climate adaptation, resilience building and in turn, to support effective soil management.
As President of COP23, the Fijian Government will support efforts to raise the profile of soils and soil organic carbon, so that they are included in the regular discussions of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [UNFCCC] and regarded as a regular element to be reported by countries and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]. We cannot afford to neglect a resource that could become our serious and viable ally against climate change.
Further research and especially research collaboration is needed to maximize co-benefits of climate change mitigation and adaptation/resilience, land degradation neutrality, and biodiversity conservation.
Fiji highly appreciates and strongly supports the FAO and the Global Soil Partnership for its efforts to increase sustainable soil management to increase soil health globally, not only for climate change adaptation and mitigation, but also for increased food production.
The Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management should be the vehicle to foster policies, action and investment at the national level. At the same time, donors should invest in concrete activities necessary for the achievement of these important goals.
We appreciate the Food and Agriculture Organisation and Small Islands Developing States action programme focus with its three priority areas of creating an enabling environment for food security and nutrition; sustainable, resilient and nutrition sensitive food systems; and empowered people and communities for food security and nutrition.
Through the Global Soil Partnership and its Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils, FAO has direct interaction with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Intergovernmental Science – Policy Platform on Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services, and the Science–Policy Interface, which strengthens its leadership role in driving the harnessing of co-benefits arising from sustainable soil management.
Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, the cause for our soils and the justification for their protection should be high on the international agenda. To see these efforts through, this calls for collaborative and coordinated effort to maintain and protect carbon-rich soils and foster higher carbon sequestration as an overarching objective for all member countries.
Let’s join together to make this year’s Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon a point of convergence to make an impact in the fight against climate change.
Through the discussions and deliberations at this symposium, it is my hope that together we will develop reliable information, informed by strong science and research which is focused towards development for all countries and especially Small Islands Developing States and low lying states. Let’s put back carbon where it belongs – in the soil!
Grazie, Gracias, Danke, Bahoot Dhanyavaad, Sukria, Xie Xie, and Thank You.